Do some long stuff in training before spending too much on kit. You'll soon find out what sort of kit you'll need once you start getting blisters or chafing or stomach issues or a million other things.
A proper hybrid shoe is a holy grail for ultra runners, I think. You're either sacrificing grip or comfort. I guess a lot depends on what kind of shoe you prefer. I like a low drop, and have found inov8 245s and Nike Terra kigers pretty good on road and trail, but neither are the best for mud.
I think it all depends on your training. I've definitely sacrificed speed since getting into ultras, but then most of my runs are long and slow, so what do you expect. Those who continue a more marathon based training regime, with tempos and speed work, probably hold on to their speed a bit better.
I've heard the advice of flipping the usual winter base period, in season speed work, for ultras, as all race season is pretty slow by definition, so the off season is the time for speed and strength. If that makes sense.
I'm going to be getting a 920XT soonish, so depending on how imminently you need it, I could send you my old 310 so that you could get an idea of what features you might or might not need. Let me know.
I would say forget the specific plans, and just do more of what you enjoy, you're more likely to stick to it that way. I think ultras are more about lifestyle than schedules. But that might just be me. Enjoy trotting along in the countryside and don't think of it as a chore, and you'll be right.