Facts can be confusing. Bad science is when you make assumptions that are unproven. All sugars are not the same. It is silly to say that they are. Look at actual studies of people who use various forms.
The advantage of honey is due to it's other contents, besides the sugar. Honey also contains a type of yeast, which may acount for some of it's benefit for athletes. The yeast and sugar combine to form carbon dioxide, but only after dilution (for example when you eat it). The carbon dioxide then helps the cells of the body to be oxygenated.
Science still hasn't even figured out all that is in honey. We know that there are minerals and some vitamins, as well as some pelyphenols. It varies widely, but generally speaking the darker the honey the healthier it is for humans.
Here is more about the chemistry of honey for those intereseted.