I bashed my pinky a few years ago. Not the same toe as you but as I recall I was back in action within a couple of weeks. The main issue was the swelling, which altered the fit of the running shoe (when I was able to get my foot into it at all).
I think the recuperation time will depend on whether you have actually fractured the toe. I don't know if I did break mine, I didn't seek treatment or a scan.
But you do have my sympathy. I literally saw stars when I whacked my pinky on the door frame. Jeez, it feckin' hurt. How can something so insignificant cause so much pain?
Edit: have just looked back at my running log and I was off for nearly three weeks but resumed okay after that.
And well done Matt - always good when it all comes together.
A bit further done for me today, in unpleasant weather too. 4.77 miles feeling good, nice and easy but clocked a better pace than before. I sense that I'm getting back into it. Now to work in two directions: speed up the shorter faster runs, extend the slower longer ones.