Posted: 13/03/2015 at 14:42
I go with Gideon and Craig et al. The book "Tread Lightly" goes into this. Shin splints could indicate you are overstriding (a common bias) ie your heel is too far forward of your centre of balance on landing, so when your heel slams into the ground there is a lot of leverage around your heel trying to make your forefoot slam down, which the front of the shin resists in a classic "eccentric" contraction (muscle is in contraction while it is forced to lengthen) that causes muscle pain later. If you think this is the case, try to shorten your stride a bit, within the parameters of what still feels fairly natural.
There is a danger with both a minimal or maximal shoe if this describes you: the former could possibly make the strike even more painful whereas the latter could let you continue with bad form. The back pain could also be to do with this - leaning forward rather than keeping straight and leaning at the ankle. Of course, this is all speculation since I haven't seen you run!